Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as the National Festival in India to mark the birthday of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. We call him proudly as the “Father of the nation”. He was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar. Though it was not officially declared, it is declared by all the people of India in their hearts. The United Nations General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that October 2 would be celebrated as the World Non-Violence Day. Gandhi Jayanti stands one among the three official holidays of the country. The other two are the Independence Day and the Republic Day.
Gandhiji struggled hard to attain freedom. With his love towards truth and duty, Gandhi freed India from British rule with complete dedication and confidence. Gandhiji trusted a lot that Freedom can be achieved with Non-violence. Thus his life has been a lesson to people encouraging to stay away from violence.
On this memorable day, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated all over the country by various activities such as prayers, commemorative ceremonies, events, competitions, etc. The schools, colleges, government institutions, local political institutions, private organisations also play a great role in celebrating Gandhi Jayanti. The events such as paintings, essay competitions, etc. are conducted, and the best ones are awarded prizes to glorify peace and non-violence, especially to salute Gandhi’s effort in Indian Freedom Struggle.
The main events of Gandhi Jayanti include prayer services and tribes to Mahatma Gandhi especially at Raj Ghat, Gandhi memorial at New Delhi where Gandhi was cremated. His sayings and songs are sung by people. The famous Ragupathi Raghava Rajaram song is always sung in his memory.
- Champaran and Kheda agitations of Bihar ande Gujarat
- Khilafat movement
- Salt Satyagraha (Salt March)
- Extreme oppression of Hindu widows, including Sati, Child Marriage
- Quit India movement
Since Gandhi Jayanti is an official national holiday all the government and non-government organisations, schools and colleges are declared a holiday. So people unite at various places to celebrate Gandhi Jayanti by singing the songs, Gandhi versus, singing competitions, essay competitions, bhajans, etc. People take oath on this day to completely quit violence and spread peace everywhere.
Exhibitions of Gandhi’s sayings and books are conducted, and people participate to get enlighted by his sayings. Documentaries on his life history are projected for children to cultivate non-violence.
Gandhi’s Famous Sayings
You must be the change you wish to see in the world.
An eye for eye only ends up making the whole world blind.
The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.
Live as if you were to die tomorrow; learn as if you were to live forever.
Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony.
First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.
The best way to find yourself is to lose yourself in the service of others.
Strength does not come from physical capacity. It comes from an indomitable will.
You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty.
A man is but the product of his thoughts; what he thinks, he becomes.
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